For a millennia, the land that is currently Kansas was inhabited by Native Americans.
Today, Kansas is one of the most productive agricultural states, producing high yields of wheat, corn, sorghum, and soybeans.
is the 15th most extensive and with its about 2.9 million people the 34th most populous of the 50 United States.
Wild Bill Hickok was a deputy marshal at Fort Riley and a marshal at Hays and Abilene.
Dodge City was another wild cowboy town, and both Bat Masterson and Wyatt Earp worked as lawmen in the town.
In one year alone, eight million head of cattle from Texas boarded trains in Dodge City bound for the East, earning Dodge the nickname "Queen of the Cowtowns." In response to demands of Methodists and other evangelical Protestants, in 1881 Kansas became the first U. state to adopt a constitutional amendment prohibiting all alcoholic beverages, which was only repealed in 1948.
Kansas is bordered by Nebraska on the north; Missouri on the east; Oklahoma on the south; and Colorado on the west.
In 1803, most of modern Kansas was secured by the United States as part of the Louisiana Purchase.
Southwest Kansas, however, was still a part of Spain, Mexico and the Republic of Texas until the conclusion of the Mexican–American War in 1848.
For thousands of years, what is now Kansas was home to numerous and diverse Native American tribes.
Tribes in the eastern part of the state generally lived in villages along the river valleys.
Kansas was admitted to the United States as a free state on January 29, 1861, making it the 34th state to enter the Union.